The Russian State Library for Young Adults collection contains 900,000 volumes, including over 650,000 books and magazines (around 500 titles). Fiction comprises one-third of the collection; two-thirds are non-fiction with all fields of knowledge equally represented. New books appear on the library's shelves a month after publication.
The library's most valuable treasure is the , which has been developed within the last seven years. It contains 4,000 books, where 200 are incunables, published in the 16th, 18th, and early 19th century.
The houses our 20,000-volume collection of modern and classical fiction, non-fiction and textbooks in 75 languages, including the languages of the former Soviet Republics.
The library constantly work on developing a new collection called : a special foreign language collection of books from different countries written for young people, about young people, or by young authors.
Since 2010, when the first in Russia was established in RSLYA, the comics collection has grown significantly there are now 3,300 titles in Russian and ten other languages in the collection.
RSLYA's boasts a large . Started in the 1960s, the collection now has 36,000 items and is still in great demand. At the core of the collection are 3,700 rare and valuable materials published in the 19th and 20th century. The department's record collection has about 70,000 vinyl discs with music and literary recordings.
Library users can listen to over a thousand CDs and DVDs with audiobooks, most of which can be checked-out by the residents of Moscow and the Moscow region. The library has signed a number of agreements with audiobook publishers and copyright holders in order to give its readers access to audiobooks.
The library has 400 DVDs and BluRay discs: Russian and world classic films, the best new films, film adaptations, animated films, educational videos, films about Russian and world history. The complete list of films can be found in the library's catalogue, as well as in the alternative catalogue with film descriptions, trailers, and filmmakers' biographies.
RSLYA's offers a periodicals referral database (1,800 entries) and a bibliographic database that includes about 5,000 bibliographic records of books published from the mid-19th century to the 1940s. Young People of Russia Digital Library contains the full text of 1,700 publications from before the mid-1930s as well as a number of abstracts and dissertations about young people's issues.
All library visitors have access to e-libraries (over one million publications). The holders of a library card can work from home with the digital libraries such as Bibliorossika, Znanium, University Library Online, LitRes Biblioteka. To get access, it is necessary to request a password from the library.
Visitors can read the online versions of magazines and newspapers. Periodicals e-databases are accessible inside the library: NEICON's Academic Journal Archive, and East View Information Services.
Visitors who are interested in law and legislation will find the following databases especially useful: Garant Legal Information Database, Consultant Plus Legal Database, and Law of Russia Legal Information Database.
As of 2018, the Dissertation Electronic Library contains 1,240,657 full-text dissertations and abstracts. This e-library is also accessible from the RSLYA.